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Anger and Forgiveness"Are You There Alone?"10 Good Questions about Life and DeathA Casebook of Ethical Challenges in NeuropsychologyA Companion to BioethicsA Companion to BioethicsA Companion to GenethicsA Companion to GenethicsA Companion to Muslim EthicsA Cooperative SpeciesA Critique of the Moral Defense of VegetarianismA Delicate BalanceA Fragile LifeA Life for a LifeA Life-Centered Approach to BioethicsA Matter of SecurityA Mirror Is for ReflectionA Mirror Is for ReflectionA Natural History of Human MoralityA Philosophical DiseaseA Practical Guide to Clinical Ethics ConsultingA Question of TrustA Sentimentalist Theory of the MindA Short Stay in SwitzerlandA Tapestry of ValuesA Very Bad WizardA World Without ValuesAction and ResponsibilityAction Theory, Rationality and CompulsionActs of ConscienceAddiction and ResponsibilityAddiction NeuroethicsAdvance Directives in Mental HealthAfter HarmAftermathAgainst AutonomyAgainst BioethicsAgainst HealthAgainst MarriageAgainst Moral 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IdentitiesDeaf Identities in the MakingDeath Is That Man Taking NamesDebating ProcreationDebating Same-Sex MarriageDecision Making, Personhood and DementiaDecoding the Ethics CodeDefining DifferenceDefining Right and Wrong in Brain ScienceDefining the Beginning and End of LifeDelusions of GenderDementiaDemocracy in What State?Demons of the Modern WorldDescriptions and PrescriptionsDesert and VirtueDesire, Practical Reason, and the GoodDestructive Trends in Mental HealthDeveloping the VirtuesDid My Neurons Make Me Do It?Difference and IdentityDigital HemlockDigital SoulDignityDignityDisability BioethicsDisability, Difference, DiscriminationDiscrimination against the Mentally IllDisordered Personalities and CrimeDisorders of VolitionDisorientation and Moral LifeDivided Minds and Successive SelvesDoes Feminism Discriminate against Men?Does Torture Work?Doing HarmDouble Standards in Medical Research in Developing CountriesDown GirlDrugs and JusticeDworkin and His CriticsDying in the 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SufferingFact and ValueFacts and ValuesFaking ItFalse-Memory Creation in Children and AdultsFat ShameFatal FreedomFellow-Feeling and the Moral LifeFeminism and Its DiscontentsFeminist Ethics and Social and Political PhilosophyFeminist TheoryFinal ExamFirst Do No HarmFirst, Do No HarmFlashpointFlesh WoundsForced to CareForgivenessForgivenessForgiveness and LoveForgiveness and ReconciliationForgiveness and RetributionForgiveness is Really StrangeFoucault and the Government of DisabilityFoundational Issues in Human Brain MappingFoundations of Forensic Mental Health AssessmentFree WillFree Will And Moral ResponsibilityFree Will and Reactive AttitudesFree Will, Agency, and Meaning in LifeFree?Freedom and ValueFreedom vs. InterventionFriendshipFrom Darwin to HitlerFrom Disgust to HumanityFrom Enlightenment to ReceptivityFrom Morality to Mental HealthFrom Silence to VoiceFrom Valuing to ValueFrontiers of JusticeGender in the MirrorGenetic PoliticsGenetic ProspectsGenetic ProspectsGenetics of 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Brain Made Me Do ItMy Sister's KeeperMy Sister's KeeperMy WayNano-Bio-EthicsNarrative MedicineNarrative ProsthesisNatural Ethical FactsNatural-Born CybogsNaturalized BioethicsNeither Bad nor MadNeoconservatismNeonatal BioethicsNeurobiology and the Development of Human MoralityNeuroethicsNeuroethicsNeuroethicsNew Takes in Film-PhilosophyNew Waves in EthicsNew Waves in MetaethicsNietzsche on Ethics and PoliticsNo Child Left DifferentNo Impact ManNormative EthicsNormativityNothing about us, without us!Oath BetrayedOf War and LawOn ApologyOn Being AuthenticOn EvilOn Human RightsOn The Stigma Of Mental IllnessOn the TakeOn Virtue EthicsOn What MattersOn What We Owe to Each OtherOne ChildOne Nation Under TherapyOne World NowOne World NowOur Bodies, Whose Property?Our Bodies, Whose Property?Our Daily MedsOur Faithfulness to the PastOur Posthuman FutureOut of EdenOut of Its MindOut of the ShadowsOverdosed AmericaOxford Handbook of Psychiatric EthicsOxford Studies in Normative EthicsOxford Studies in Normative Ethics, Volume 7Oxford Textbook of Philosophy of PsychiatryPassionate DeliberationPatient Autonomy and the Ethics of ResponsibilityPC, M.D.Perfecting VirtuePersonal AutonomyPersonal Autonomy in SocietyPersonal Identity and EthicsPersonalities on the PlatePersonhood and Health CarePersons, Humanity, and the Definition of DeathPerspectives On Health And Human RightsPharmaceutical FreedomPharmacracyPharmageddonPhilosophy and This Actual WorldPhilosophy of BiologyPhilosophy of Technology: The Technological ConditionPhysician-Assisted DyingPicturing DisabilityPilgrim at Tinker CreekPlaying God?Playing God?Political EmotionsPornlandPowerful MedicinesPractical Autonomy and BioethicsPractical EthicsPractical Ethics for PsychologistsPractical RulesPragmatic BioethicsPragmatic BioethicsPragmatic NeuroethicsPraise and BlamePreferences and Well-BeingPrimates and PhilosophersPro-Life, Pro-ChoiceProcreation and ParenthoodProfits Before People?Progress in BioethicsProperty in the 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DishonourWeaknessWelfare and Rational CareWhat are you staring at?What Genes Can't DoWhat Have We DoneWhat Is a Human?What Is Good and WhyWhat Is Good and WhyWhat Is the Good Life?What Price Better Health?What Should I Do?What We Owe to Each OtherWhat Would Aristotle Do?What's Good on TVWhat's Normal?What's Wrong with Children's RightsWhat's Wrong with Homosexuality?What's Wrong With Morality?When Is Discrimination Wrong?Who Holds the Moral High Ground?Who Owns YouWho Qualifies for Rights?Whose America?Whose View of Life?Why Animals MatterWhy Animals MatterWhy Does Inequality Matter?Why Honor MattersWhy I Burned My Book and Other Essays on DisabilityWhy Not Kill Them All?Why Punish? How Much?Why Some Things Should Not Be for SaleWisdom, Intuition and EthicsWithout ConscienceWomen and Borderline Personality DisorderWomen and MadnessWondergenesWould You Kill the Fat Man?Wrestling with Behavioral GeneticsWriting About PatientsYou Must Be DreamingYour Genetic DestinyYour Inner FishYouth Offending and Youth Justice Yuck!
Who Owns You? is a book principally about genes and patents. The author, David Koepsell, is an Assistant Professor at the Technology University of Delft, in The Netherlands; Koepsell is also a Senior Fellow at the 3TU Centre for Ethics and Technology, in The Netherlands. The writing of Koepsell is expertly critical and thoughtfully opinionated. The substantive matter comprising the text is notable for its esoteric nature. A thematic message powerfully pervading the text is that, in Koepsell's view, the area of gene patenting is rife with controversial concerns. As evaluated by Koepsell, the thicket of thorny issues implanted in the field of gene patenting has entwined roots of eclectically diverse origin, reaching to law, science, ethics and economics. The vast array of intellectually provocative questions raised directly, or indirectly, by the discerning commentary of Koepsell is a great strength of the book.
The substance of the text is supported by a bedrock of referenced research materials. Citations for referenced materials are presented in the "Notes" section, adjoining the text; some of the references, in the Notes, present briefly annotated comment.
Stylistically, as in substance, the book as written is tilted fairly steeply towards a professional reading audience.
The intellectual concoction brewed by Koepsell has a lot of law in it. As unraveled skillfully by Koepsell, the knot of law related strands tied to the question (posed by the book's title) of who owns you is a tree replete with many litigious branches. These branches, as identified by Koepsell, include: What does "ownership" mean? Should the law allow individual ownership of genes? Or, are genes part of a common heritage? Should genes be regarded legally as being part of the "commons"?
Genes, as explicated by Koepsell, are associated with an expansive range of legally complex issues relating to intellectual property and patents. Are genes, for instance, a form of "intellectual property"? Is there a compelling basis, in intellectual property law, to patent genes? If so, why are genes patentable? Should genes associated with particular diseases be patentable?
Koepsell additionally ponders the practical, real life import of gene patents. For example, as a practical matter, how might gene patents impact scientific innovation? In real life, do possible litigation concerns and royalty costs associated with gene patents possibly impede scientific research? What might be the real life effects of disallowing the patenting of genes? Are there legally viable alternatives to gene patenting?
In another legal vein, what privacy and autonomy concerns may be associated with genetic information?
A picture showing some of the science, of genes, is painted by the skilled brush, of Koepsell. The painting shows details pertinent to sundry, gene related concerns. How, for instance, do genes work? How do genes define an "individual"? What is the genetic meaning of "species"? With regard to genes, what is the relation between individuals and species? What is "personhood"? What is the connection between persons and genes?
Over the course of the text, Koepsell uses multiple writing instruments. One of them is for ethics. The part of the textual composition composed of ethics sheds questioning light on the area of genes and patents. For example, is intellectual property protection of genes ethically acceptable? Is it ethical to claim ownership of genes particularly by means of patents? Is there adequate ethical clarity, at this time, concerning gene patenting?
In a different ethics vein, how should genetic information ethically be used by employers and insurers?
Another of the writing instruments of Koepsell is used to pen discourse focusing on gene patenting in the context of economics. And again, nettlesome questions are raised by the discourse of Koepsell. These questions extend to the economic value and ramifications of patenting genes.
It may be opined critically that, because the gamut of issues addressed by Koepsell is interdisciplinary in nature, the reader may have been served even better if Koepsell had structured the book as an edited collection of papers culled from experts in disparate professional disciplines joined in some manner to the area of genes and patents.
An added criticism may be that Koepsell's intellectual camera has taken a still snapshot of the area of gene patenting at a particular moment in time, but the resolving of vexing questions linked to the patenting of genes is a movie in progress.
In quite instructive fashion, however, the intellectually enlightening flashlight of Koepsell beams considerably illumining light on many issues and intricacies connected with gene patents. And Koepsell's thoughtful pondering of unresolved complexities tethered to gene patenting may help foster further debate regarding this contention laden area.
The book's edifying substance is highly relevant to universities and corporations, importantly including insurance, biotechnology and pharmaceutical companies.
The rich wealth of information mined by Koepsell's intellectual toil likewise should be of greatly appealing interest to many professionals, including: geneticists, biologists, biomedical scientists, intellectual property scholars, patent public interest and healthcare lawyers, judges, legislators, bioethicists, genetic counselors, and health policy makers.
© 2010 Leo Uzych
Leo Uzych (based in Wallingford, PA) earned a law degree, from Temple University; and a master of public health degree, from Columbia University. His area of special professional interest is healthcare.