Metapsychology Online Reviews - Volume 22, Number 46
 
Featured Reviews
Shadows of the Soul by Christine Tappolet, Fabrice Teroni and Anita Konzelmann Ziv (Editors)Shadows of the Soul
by Christine Tappolet, Fabrice Teroni and Anita Konzelmann Ziv (Editors)
Tue, Oct 2nd 2018
The Compassionate Connection by David Rakel, MD; with Susan K. Golant, MAThe Compassionate Connection
by David Rakel, MD; with Susan K. Golant, MA
Tue, Oct 2nd 2018
Psychoanalysis by Michael Friedman and Samo Tomšič (Editors)Psychoanalysis
by Michael Friedman and Samo Tomšič (Editors)
Tue, Oct 2nd 2018
 
The Emotional Foundations of Personality
A Neurobiological and Evolutionary Approach
By Kenneth L. Davis and Jaak Panksepp PhD
Review by Maura Pilotti, PhD on Tue, Nov 13th 2018.
The Emotional Foundations of Personality by Kenneth L. Davis and Jaak Panksepp PhD In The emotional foundations of personality: A neurobiological and evolutionary approach, Ken Davis and Jaak Panksepp offer a reasoned argument for the adoption of a personality model informed by neuroscience. In addition, they present a novel personality inventory (i.e., Affective Neuroscience Personality Scale, ANPS) based on the proposed model. The basic assumption upon which the authors’ proposal relies is that emotional processes are key to understanding individual differences. Indeed, they suggest that individual differences arise from specific brain mechanisms whose variable
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The Family Gene
A Mission to Turn My Deadly Inheritance into a Hopeful Future
By Joselin Linder
Review by Christian Perring on Tue, Nov 13th 2018.
The Family Gene by Joselin LinderJoselin Linder tells the story of herself and her family who have an extremely rare genetic mutation that causes medical problems that lead to death. She starts out talking about her physician father's illness and death, which was alarming for the whole family. Then there's a retrospective look at previous deaths in their family that must have been due to the same problem. After this, Linder goes into her own life, talking about her college days, indulging in some drug use, her love life, and her rather meandering career in her twenties. Her life also involved her helping take care of her aili
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Meditations on Self-Discipline and Failure
Stoic Exercise for Mental Fitness
By William Ferraiolo
Review by Joseph Kranak on Tue, Nov 13th 2018.
Meditations on Self-Discipline and Failure by William FerraioloWilliam Ferraiolo's Meditations on Self-Discipline and Failure is something like a general a self-help book for those seeking help to pull their life together, but it's not written in the typical style of a self-help book. It's written in the style of Marcus Aurelius' Meditations and is like it both in being a collection of assorted bits of advice and self-criticism and in being influenced by Ancient Stoicism. The book is written in the second person and includes advice interspersed with repeated censure of "you," the reader, denigrating your virtues, skills, and accomplish
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The Darkest Dark
By Chris Hadfield
Review by Bob Lane on Tue, Nov 13th 2018.
The Darkest Dark by Chris HadfieldThe author is "The first Canadian to walk in space." Some more information about him: Chris Hadfield is one of the world's most seasoned and accomplished astronauts, and is the author of the #1 international bestseller, An Astronaut's Guide to Life on Earth and You Are Here: Around the World in 92 Minutes. The top graduate of the U.S. Air Force Test Pilot School in 1988 and U.S. Navy test pilot of the year in 1991, Hadfield was selected by the Canadian Space Agency to be an astronaut in 1992. He was CAPCOM for 25 Shuttle launches and served as Director of NASA Operations in Star City, Russia,
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The Philosophical Imagination
Selected Essays
By Richard Moran
Review by Finn Janning, PhD on Tue, Nov 6th 2018.
The Philosophical Imagination by Richard MoranIn The Philosophical Imagination, Richard Moran brings together a wide variety of essays that cover art, moral psychology, and philosophy of minds, as well as some essays that can be read as small monographs of contemporary philosophers. He segmented 16 essays into three parts: Art and Aesthetics, Reading of Contemporary Philosophers, and Agency and the First person. The first part explored the concept of imagination as more than just a capacity to imagine certain things. Moran understands imagination as an approach to life or a way of connecting. Imagination, he said, "Has less to do wit
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The Audience Effect
On the Collective Cinema Experience
By Julian Hanich
Review by Bob Lane on Tue, Nov 6th 2018.
The Audience Effect by Julian HanichToday in our tech age it is possible to view movies on many different devices: from a cell phone or a tablet, or desktop computer, or (and the numbers of viewers are not declining) in the cinema. In the first the audience is usually just one while in the last it can be hundreds of viewers. We have all experienced the noisy audience member at the local cinema who is talking or rattling his/her candy and popcorn while on a feeding frenzy. We ask for quiet or we move to a different part of the auditorium. We also laugh together at the funny parts, or are quietly moved by the dramatic moments, or
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Get RIPPED! 1000 #3
DVD
By Jari Love
Review by Beth T. Cholette, Ph.D. on Tue, Nov 6th 2018.
Get RIPPED! 1000 #3 by Jari LoveThis DVD is one of the latest offerings from Canadian fitness instructor Jari Love, who first entered the video fitness scene about twelve years ago with her original Get Ripped! DVD.  Since that time, Love has released a number of offerings in the Ripped series, including two prior "1000" incarnations.         For this third volume of the 1000 videos, Love has designed a workout with both cardio and weights segments.  The cardio and weights can be alternated in a 65-minute full workout, or each component can be completed individually for two short
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The Only Girl in the World
A Memoir
By Maude Julien
Review by Christian Perring on Tue, Nov 6th 2018.
The Only Girl in the World by Maude JulienMaude Julien, a French therapist, tells her own story of abuse by her parents. Her father was the source of the problem, driven by bizarre political beliefs that center on the Third Reich and survivalist tendencies. He aims to raise Maude as a girl with extraordinary qualities who will have almost superhuman qualities. When he was middle aged he first chose his wife, and then in his fifties he moved them to a secluded house in rural northern France to raise their child. He indoctrinated both his wife and child, and his wife also collaborated with him in his cruel treatment of their daughter. T
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Self-Consciousness and Objectivity
An Introduction to Absolute Idealism
By Sebastian Rödl
Review by Luca Zanetti, PhD on Tue, Oct 30th 2018.
Self-Consciousness and Objectivity by Sebastian Rödl This book is about judgment. It articulates the self-consciousness of judgment, that is, what we understand about judgment in judging. Rodl argues that what we understand puts us in a position to reject as untenable many substantial philosophical views. Even more controversially, Rodl argues that by articulating what we understand about judgment in judging we end up understanding that absolute idealism is true. To most contemporary philosophers, this brief statement of the book's subject matter and of its main claim will sound at best perplexingly ambitious, at worst hopel
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Karl Popper, Science and Enlightenment
Nicholas Maxwell
By UCL Press
Review by William Peden on Tue, Oct 30th 2018.
Karl Popper, Science and Enlightenment by UCL PressNicholas Maxwell is not afraid of big ideas. As the title suggests, this book covers several sweeping topics: aside from those in the title, Maxwell discusses the methodology of social science, interdisciplinarity, quantum mechanics, and more besides. Given the 325-page word-length, this scope inevitably means that the ideas and arguments are frequently underdeveloped. However, despite this proportion of pages to topics, Maxwell's book is clear, accessible, and (most importantly) thought-provoking. It is hard to place a book with such scope into context, but Maxwell's basic philosophical proj
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Get RIPPED! and Jacked - The Boomer Workout
DVD
By Jari Love
Review by Beth T. Cholette, Ph.D. on Tue, Oct 30th 2018.
Get RIPPED! and Jacked - The Boomer Workout by Jari LoveThis DVD is one of the latest offerings from Canadian fitness instructor Jari Love, who first entered the video fitness scene about twelve years ago with her original Get Ripped! DVD.  Since that time, Love has released a number of offerings in the Ripped series.  In Get Ripped and Jacked, a strength-only routine, Love changes things up a bit two ways:  1) she has her senior Ripped instructors lead the entire workout, and 2) the weights work consists of slow-paced lifting         In addition to being designed at a slower tempo,
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Superhuman
Life at the Extremes of Our Capacity
By Rowan Hooper
Review by Christian Perring on Tue, Oct 30th 2018.
Superhuman by Rowan HooperIn this popular science book, British writer Rowan Hooper surveys personal stories, psychology and biology in investigating people with extraordinary abilities and capacities. He divides the work into three sections: Thinking, Doing and Being. The scientific question is whether people's extraordinary nature is due to their own efforts, their childhood training, their geographical or cultural location, or their genetic make-up. The tone of the book is conversational. Hooper gives his impressions of the people he meets, his preparation for meeting them, his reactions to them, and his reflections
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Neuroexistentialism
Meaning, Morals, and Purpose in the Age of Neuroscience
By Gregg Caruso and Owen Flanagan (Editors)
Review by Anna Westin on Tue, Oct 23rd 2018.
Neuroexistentialism by Gregg Caruso and Owen Flanagan (Editors)In Neuroexistentialism: Meaning, Morals and Purpose in the Age of Neuroscience, editors Gregg D. Caruso and Owen Flanagan bring together a wide variety of writings from academics across the fields of philosophy and neuroscience. The perspectives are diverse and an essay often contrasts the one preceding it, making for a stimulating discursive reading, whilst developing the key themes such as responsibility and freedom in relation to the brain activity thoroughly enough that it would appeal to postgraduate and academic audiences. In the introduction, Caruso and Flanagan situate the book w
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The Expulsion of the Other
Society, Perception and Communication Today
By Byung-Chul Han
Review by Finn Janning, PhD on Tue, Oct 23rd 2018.
The Expulsion of the Other by Byung-Chul HanIn The Expulsion of the Other (2018), the Korean philosopher Byung-Chul Han analyses our everyday existence in today's achievement society characterized by excessive hypercommunication. We conform to fit in. The Other is expulsed due to the terror of the Same. "In that hell of sameness, humans are nothing but remote-controlled puppets." Expanding on this idea: the terror of the same, Han returns to the question "Why?". He claims that if it becomes irrelevant, nothing is understood, then adds, "knowledge is understanding … Insight in an emphatic sense is also transformative."
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In Praise of Desire
By Nomy Arpaly
Review by Polaris Koi on Tue, Oct 23rd 2018.
In Praise of Desire by  Nomy ArpalyHow do people come to do good, or to fail in so do doing? This is a fundamental question of moral psychology, that is, the study of moral agency and moral character in humans. It is this question that Nomy Arpaly and Timothy Schroeder, professors of philosophy at Brown and Rice, respectively, tackle in their monograph. The goal of the volume is to contest the received wisdom that morality hinges on reason, and is thwarted by 'succumbing' to desires. On the contrary, Arpaly and Schroeder argue, desires are necessary for morality. To be moral is to act on what one intrinsically desires, provided
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